Mag-aral
Digital Library & Museum


Find out about the different aspects of Martial Law through various exhibits. Discover the intricate networks of power and abuse that fueled the Marcos regime, learn the names of those who fought against his repressive rule, and map out the impact it continues to have on our country to this day.

The Second ABS-CBN Shutdown
“Only after imposing authoritarian rule could President Ferdinand Marcos engage in the plunder of the Philippines’ re...
Isang Primer para sa Mulat na Mamamayan
ENGLISH VERSION   Sa mga nakaraang eksibit, pinag-usapan natin ang demokrasya at kung paano nito itinataguyod an...
The first election
As many parts of the world remain in lockdown mode from the COVID-19 pandemic and as Catholics mark Holy Week, an alm...
EDSA 1986: Unifying the People’s Power
Aside from a national holiday that people look forward to, there is much to celebrate as we commemorate the 34th anni...
Remembering the Heroes: Edgar Jopson
Edgar Jopson, popularly known as Edjop, was one of the most well-known figures of the student movement, even before M...
From Senator to Prisoner: The Story of Ninoy Aquino
Benigno Simeon “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. was known by those close to him as the Young Man in a Hurry because of his fast-pac...
Defining Martial Law
What do we talk about when we talk about Martial Law? A Law Martial Law refers to the replacement of civil rule by mi...
Reading Martial Law in Children’s Literature
Much of the difficulty in teaching Martial Law to younger children comes from a fear of its political baggage. After ...
Warning Signs: The Events Leading Up to Martial Law
INTERACTIVE We look back at events before the declaration of Martial Law in 1972 that, in retrospect, could have served as signs ...
Declaration of Martial Law
The Night of the Declaration On the night of September 23, 1972, Ferdinand Marcos spoke to the nation by television a...
Martial Law in Data
Download the spreadsheet here. Some argue that though abuses were indeed committed during Martial Law, life was good ...
Young Marcos
Introduction Before his meteoric rise to power, Marcos grew up as a young Filipino full of brilliance and promise. We...
The Heroes Who Fought Martial Law: Liliosa Hilao
At age 23, Liliosa Hilao was a bright young girl who had her entire future in front of her. Despite her asthma and al...
Green Devolution: Contradictions in the Marcos Environmental Agenda
In a speech to the First ASEAN Forestry Congress in 1983, Marcos declared: I believe we should begin by asking oursel...
Edifice Complex: Building on the Backs of the Filipino People
The Marcos administration is best remembered for its contributions to the development of Philippine infrastructure. U...
Road to Edsa
INTERACTIVE After the assassination of Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino on August 21, 1983, things began to take a turn for the wor...
Keeping Up with the First Family: The Marcoses’ Life of Excess
One of the most striking features of the Marcos regime was not only the growing incidence of poverty in the nation, b...
Breaking the News: Silencing the Media Under Martial Law
An important feature of any democracy is the free circulation of information. For people to properly assess what is h...
Primer for Engaged Citizenship
FILIPINO VERSION   Every Filipino has the capacity to do their part as engaged citizens in working toward a bett...
Democracy vs. Authoritarianism
The word democracy comes from the Greek words ‘demos,’ which refers to the people, and ‘kratos,’ which means power. T...
Martial Law in the New Constitution
In today’s 1987 Constitution, guarding against future attempts to replicate Marcos’s gambit for power, a President is...
The Makings of a Constitutional Dictator
When Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law in the Philippines, he used his constitutionally legal powers to concentra...
EDSA: An Unfinished Revolution
On February 22-25, 1986, the Filipino people engaged in collective action so momentous that the entire world took not...
From Housewife to President: The Story of Cory Aquino
No account of Martial Law would be complete without mention of Cory Aquino’s journey to presidency. It was Cory’s vic...
Quiz: Marcos Lies and Truths
INTERACTIVE You will be presented with triads of statements about the Marcoses and Martial Law and are tasked with identifying wh...
Martial Law 101
Martial law refers to the replacement of civil rule by military rule. This may be characterized by curfews, the dispe...
The Hunt Continues: The PCGG and the Marcoses’ Ill-Gotten Wealth
INTERACTIVE When Ferdinand Marcos and his family fled the country on the evening of February 25, 1986, they left with around 300 ...
Promises of the New Society
In any of President Ferdinand Marcos’s key speeches, he was most inspiring when he would talk about his vision of the...
Manindigan: The Nightmare that was Martial Law
by Jose Ma. Edito K. Tirol   Martial Law was born six months before I was. So if we were both students, so to sp...
Spot the Dictator
Introduction After reviewing the histories of dictatorial regimes from all around the world, what lessons can we lear...
Faces of Authoritarianism
Throughout human history, we have seen the rise and fall of many authoritarian regimes across the globe. In many inst...
It Takes a Village to Loot a Nation: Cronyism and Corruption
Poverty and inequality have long plagued Philippine society. During the Marcos regime, however, the disparity between...
A Day in a Life of an Imeldic Shopaholic
On October 13, 1977, in New York, Imelda Marcos spent $384,000, buying a platinum bracelet with rubies for $50,000; a...
The Heroes Who Fought Martial Law: Macli-ing Dulag
Macli-ing Dulag was a respected elder of the Butbut tribe in the mountain village of Bugnay in the Cordilleras. He wa...
Building Peace after EDSA
What is peace, exactly? And what does it take to establish it, grow it, and sustain it? Did we really achieve it at E...